Invited Scientific Talk by Neil Yorke-Smith - March 17th 2021
Speaker: Neil Yorke-Smith, TU Delft
Title: Maintenance of Social Commitments in Multiagent Systems - Presented at AAAI'21
Abstract: We introduce and formalize a concept of a maintenance commitment, a kind of social commitment characterized by states whose truthhood an agent commits to maintain. This concept of maintenance commitments enables us to capture a richer variety of real-world scenarios than possible using achievement commitments with a temporal condition. By developing a rule-based operational semantics, we study the relationship between agents’ achievement and maintenance goals, achievement commitments, and maintenance commitments. We motivate a notion of coherence which captures alignment between an agents’ achievement and maintenance cognitive and social constructs, and prove that, under specified conditions, the goals and commitments of both rational agents individually and of a multiagent system are coherent.
Bio: Neil Yorke-Smith is an Associate Professor of Socio-Technical Algorithmics in the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS/EWI), Delft University of Technology.
WP6 Kickoff Meeting - January 20th 2021 (10:00-13:00 CET)
Speaker: Josep Call
Title: What can AI learn from Learning, Reasoning and Social Interactions in Non-human Primates?
Abstract: Broadly speaking, learning and reasoning are the two main forms of animal adaptation that have been postulated to explain the emergence and acquisition of novel responses in problem solving situations. Social interaction is considered one of the most challenging forms of problem solving due to the reactive nature of partners and their memory of past interactions. In this talk I will focus on some of the aspects of the psychology of social interaction. I will use three areas (morality, communication and decision making) to present the kind of social knowledge that the great apes possess and the social inferences (mental leaps in novel situations) that they make during social interactions. I will argue that social inference is an essential component (but not the only one) underlying the rich interaction of nonhuman primates
Bio: Josep Call is a comparative psychologist specializing in primate cognition, Wardlaw Professor in the Evolutionary Origins of Mind at the University of St Andrews and Director of the Budongo Research Unit at Edinburgh Zoo. His research focuses on elucidating the cognitive processes underlying technical and social problem solving in primates and other animals with the ultimate goal of reconstructing the evolution of human and nonhuman cognition. He has published five books and more than 300 articles and book chapters on the behaviour and cognition of the great apes and other animals. He has been elected fellow of the American Psychological Association, the Cognitive Science Society, the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the British Academy.